Tall buildings have been around since Roman times and they were built for two reasons. One was because of a lack of land so the only choice was to build upwards. The second reason was for protection: the view that it offered of anyone who might be arriving from far away and the ability to attack an enemy from high above them. The Flaxmill was the first partially iron framed building in the world and it was built in 1797 Shrewsbury, England. It is known as the “grandfather of skyscrapers”, because its combination of cast iron columns and cast iron beams evolved into the modern steel frame that made modern skyscrapers are made from today. Rand McNally Building in Chicago was built in 1889 and it was the first steel frame skyscraper that was ever built. Ever since the first skyscraper was built there has been a global competition to build the tallest building.
Lotte World Tower is in Seoul near the Han River and it is the 5th tallest building in the world. The construction of the external building was completed in March of 2016. The top six floors have observation decks and the rest of the building is planned to be a combination of residential apartments, office space, a luxury hotel, retail space, and parking. It is a stunning building that gracefully towers over the Seoul skyline.
The Burj Khalifa, the tallest tower in the world, is 829.8 metres tall and if you are planning a holiday to Dubai, this will surely be on your itinerary. The building consists of a combination of commercial space and residential space and it is the home of the only 7 star hotel in the world. The 148th floor is an observation deck that offers a bird’s eye view of the city below. The building hosts a 27 acre park that is open to visitors and includes a stunning fountain at the base of the building that has music and coloured lights.
The Willis Tower, commonly referred to as the Sears Tower, was completed in 1973 and it was the tallest building in the world for nearly 25 years. It is 442 metres high and more than one million people still visit the observation deck every year and it is one of Chicago’s most popular destinations for tourists.
There are plenty of attractions to be seen in Malaysia, and the Petronas Towers are often pretty high up on tourist bucket lists. These stunning twin skyscrapers located in Kuala Lumpur are the tallest twin towers in the world and they were the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 until 2004. The towers are connected by a skybridge that people can observe the city from. The tower has a science centre, an underwater aquarium, an art gallery, a theatre, and Suria KLCC, one of the largest shopping malls in Malaysia. There is also a 17 acre park for people to explore.
The Shanghai Tower in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai is the world’s third tallest tower and it stands at 128 stories with an observation deck on the 121st floor. The building boasts the world’s fastest elevator and the building was designed with high energy efficiency in mind. Whilst visiting Shanghai you are bound to see this incredible building, and a visit to the top will not dissapoint, especially if you go at sunset, you’ll be able to take some amazing picures.